Plenty of regulations and legal red tape surround the usage of UAVs. Regulators from various countries work with drone manufacturers to benefit from unified legislation. This encompasses innovation, leadership and sales and shouldn’t unnecessarily restrict the freedom and capabilities brought about by drones.
A concerted effort involving 32 state members of the European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) aims to integrate UAVs into the continental airspace. Progress is gradually being made in the regulatory sphere with regards to this relatively new technology.
Instead of simply being a pain, here are some reasons why regulation can be important for the work that drones do.
Drones are a fast-growing market in Europe. It’s been projected that the European drone industry will directly employ more than 100,000 people in 20 years, leading to an economic impact of more than € 10 billion per year, primarily in services. Any effort to improve specific rules and regulations can assist with creating and maintaining these jobs.
There are those who believe the highly advanced small aircraft will stimulate far-reaching economic and social benefits, ranging from providing food and medicine to more environmentally friendly efforts like the application of fertilizer. Sceptics say that the use of drones may have to take into account the invasion of privacy or the delivery of dangerous cargo. They argue that drones are prone to misuse and are a nuisance.
Countries like India have stricter rules
In 2014, India instituted a blanket ban on drones. It did, nevertheless, come to be regarded as impractical in the following years. The civil aviation regulations of India generally apply to all remotely piloted aircraft systems, including drones.
Any company buying or importing such a program must have several agency approvals, including the Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA) sector regulator. They are also required to obtain a Special Aircraft Operator Permit or Identification Number. Before each flight, drone operators must ensure that all necessary safety measures are in place.
They cannot bring any hazardous material and must have insurance in case of any damage caused to a third party. Violating the regulations may result in the suspension or cancellation of their permits.
Drone security is a serious business
In the wrong hands, drone technology can be a powerful weapon used for all the wrong reasons.
Drone countermeasures should include an effective means of crippling or crashing an offending drone in case someone tries to cause trouble. In order to achieve this, a wide array of technological solutions have been brought into play (even including training birds of prey to attack drones).
Companies have begun to offer full-spectrum protection, including DroneShield, which has explored capabilities far beyond detection and identification.
Active jamming is part and parcel of their services. A drone can be forced to land, however, radio jamming might only be effective if the drone is being actively controlled. In light of this, GPS jamming may also be a possible option.
Anti-drone systems might become more effective but that does not mean that they will be entirely foolproof against determined criminals or imminent threats. At the very least, it might become be more difficult to use drones in order to interfere with flight operations.
Education is part and parcel of the drone industry’. It includes specific pilot exams determined by types of UAVs, specialized training courses and information about the conditions in which drones operate. In addition, liability insurance can also be an important part of helping protect populated areas against mishaps. These are all valid things to consider when trying to ensure the safety of the general population. Usage laws are becoming more permissive. However, regulators and drone developers must proceed with caution
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